Grace and mercy very often appear together in the Bible, but they are a little different in their connotations.
The Bible teaches that these two concepts are not in opposition, but closely connected. This is necessary to arouse and sustain our collaboration to justification through faith and sanctification through charity.
It is not like an inanimate thing that remains purely passive, because if we understood God, it would not be God anymore. Although it developed at the same time as the aid controversy, Jansenism allowed a new discussion on issues related to grace. Ephesians 2: 8 says, “For it is by grace you have been saved through faith, and this not from yourselves.”
Charisms are special graces of the Holy Spirit, are ordained to sanctifying grace and are for the common good of the Church. The word grace used in the Old Testament carries the meaning of “bowing or bending down in kindness to someone lower.” You will never be too sinful to be saved, nor so good, nor so just in yourself, nor so self-sufficient.
The reason is simple and can be summed up in one word: grace.
This divine grace is granted to man without any merit on his part, gratuitously (hence, precisely his name: gratia). Justification sees it as a Christological theme: it is the insertion in Christ, the entering into being part of his mystical body. These graces and goods are the object of Christian prayer, which provides our need for grace for meritorious actions.
It is a welcome of the justice of God through faith in Christ, deserved by the Passion, Death and Resurrection of Christ. God acts like this through multiple present graces that are distinguished from habitual grace, which is permanent in us.
Our lesson considers the grace of God, as a subject so immense that it could be an eternity trying to understand it. It surpasses the capacities of the intelligence and the forces of the human will, like those of every creature (cf. 1 Co 2, 7-9). His truth is eternal, His decrees are eternal, His love is eternal, and His faithfulness is forever. These are the sacramental graces, gifts of the different sacraments.
Augmentable, because the Bible also exhorts us to grow in grace. However, those who live in this way are precisely the kind of people referred to in Jude verse 4:.
The word in the New Testament is “favor, good will, loving kindness.” When the Law is properly understood, it was a gift of divine grace. The relationship that exists between the law and the grace of God is commonly misunderstood. Jacob is not the first example of God’s grace; but it is one of the most impressive examples of the Old Testament. He even says that the justification of sinners outweighs the creation of angels in justice because it manifests a greater mercy. Suddenly, he was enveloped by darkness, around him were viscous walls of flesh.